Aversion of kidney stones may incorporate a mix of way of life changes and prescriptions.
Way of life changes
You may diminish your danger of kidney stones in the event that you:
Drink water for the duration of the day. For individuals with a background marked by kidney stones, specialists generally prescribe going around 2.6 quarts (2.5 liters) of pee a day. Your specialist may ask that you measure your pee yield to ensure that you’re drinking enough water.
On the off chance that you live in a hot, dry atmosphere or you practice oftentimes, you may need to drink significantly more water to create enough pee. On the off chance that your pee is light and clear, you’re likely drinking enough water.
Eat less oxalate-rich nourishments. On the off chance that you tend to frame calcium oxalate stones, your specialist may prescribe confining nourishments rich in oxalates. These incorporate rhubarb, beets, okra, spinach, Swiss chard, sweet potatoes, nuts, tea, chocolate and soy items.
Pick an eating routine low in salt and creature protein. Decrease the measure of salt you eat and pick nonanimal protein sources, for example, vegetables. Consider utilizing a salt substitute.
Keep eating calcium-rich sustenances, yet utilize alert with calcium supplements. Calcium in nourishment doesn’t affect your danger of kidney stones. Keep eating calcium-rich sustenances unless your specialist prompts generally. Ask your specialist before taking calcium supplements, as these have been connected to expanded danger of kidney stones. You may lessen the hazard by bringing supplements with dinners. Eats less carbs low in calcium can build kidney stone arrangement in a few people.
Approach your specialist for a referral to a dietitian who can help you build up an eating arrangement that lessens your danger of kidney stones.
Drugs can control the measure of minerals and corrosive in your pee and might be useful in individuals who shape certain sorts of stones. The sort of drug your specialist recommends will rely on upon the sort of kidney stones you have. Here are a few illustrations:
- Calcium stones. To help keep calcium stones from framing, your specialist may endorse a thiazide diuretic or a phosphate-containing planning.
- Uric corrosive stones. Your specialist may endorse allopurinol (Zyloprim, Aloprim) to lessen uric corrosive levels in your blood and pee and a solution to keep your pee soluble. Now and again, allopurinol and an alkalizing operator may break down the uric corrosive stones.
- Struvite stones. To forestall struvite stones, your specialist may prescribe systems to keep your pee free of microorganisms that cause contamination. Long haul utilization of anti-infection agents in little measurements may help accomplish this objective. For example, your specialist may suggest an anti-microbial before and for some time after surgery to treat your kidney stones.
- Cystine stones. Cystine stones can be hard to treat. Your specialist may prescribe that you drink more liquids with the goal that you deliver significantly more pee. On the off chance that that by itself doesn’t help, your specialist may likewise recommend a pharmaceutical that reductions the measure of cystine in your pee.
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